Trier, Germany – a city with more Roman ruins than Rome

If classical architecture, wine and historic sights on every street corner are your thing, you opt for a short break in Rome, don’t you? Nein! Get yourself to Germany’s oldest city, Trier.

Back in 30BC, the Romans based their Western Roman Empire at Augusta Treverorum, in western Germany. More than 2,000 years later, their legacy lives on in the city on the banks of the River Moselle now known as Trier. Many Roman remains can be seen around the city centre, most of which survived the bombings of World War II.

The Porta Nigra (“Black Gate”) marks the entrance to the city centre, and is claimed to be the biggest city gate in the world. The fourth storey of the tower provides great views of the streets below, allowing you to get your bearings and realise just how small the city is. With a population of just 100,000, Trier is manageably compact and walking is the best way to see all the sights.

Munching on bratwurst sausages, we strolled around the pedestrianised old town along streets such as Fleisch Strasse and Brot Strasse (Meat Street and Bread Street), then spotted in the distance what looked like a mini version of Rome’s Colosseum. It was in fact the remains of the Kaiserthermen, one of the largest bath complexes in the Roman Empire. Trier’s very own Colosseum was slightly less impressive. It hasn’t stood the test of time as well as Rome’s famous counterpart. Not a lot of it remains, since it provided a welcome source of stone for thieves in the Middle Ages.

There is a steady flow of tourists in the main square, the Hauptmarkt, making their way from the Kaiserthermen to the Porta Nigra via the city’s huge cathedral known as the Dom. Trier, we noticed, seemed popular with Germans visiting for a day trip, but there were very few non-German visitors. Perhaps the tourist office needs to direct its marketing campaigns further afield.

While classical architecture is the main draw, there is more to the city and the surrounding areas than that. Trier is located next to the River Moselle, and vineyards can be seen on the valley slopes for miles around. The area is world-famous for its white wine, and there are plenty of bars and restaurants in which to sample it. Trier has a big student population, so nightlife here is fun and cheap. As well as white wine, it has another local drink, called Viez – a kind of flat cider. It is probably an acquired taste, but when in Rome…

Trier was also the birthplace of the founder of communism, Karl Marx. The house where he was born has been turned into the Museum-Karl-Marx-Haus, although we were too busy sampling the local brew to pay it a visit. A walk along the Moselle is a great way to wake up after a big night out. Popular with joggers and cyclists, a riverside path takes you from the Roman Bridge at the south of the city to the Moselstadion – home to the German Regional Liga side, Eintracht Trier, and one of the most romantic locations in the world for a football ground.

As I boarded the plane for my return flight to the UK, I thought how crazy the Romans had been to leave this place. Nor can I understand why Trier is so unknown to us Brits. It should be high on the list of must-see destinations in Germany, and is ideal for a cultured weekend break – in fact it only just missed out on a place on my Top ten city breaks in Europe. And you can easily fit-in day trips to nearby Luxembourg or the French city of Metz if you tire of Trier. Inspired?

The nearest airport is Frankfurt-Hahn (which is nowhere near Frankfurt, by the way) and is served by Ryanair. The Flibco shuttle bus (timetables at makes the hour-long journey from the airport to Trier from €5 each way. It’s best to book ahead on the easy-to-use
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  1. Looks interesting, thanks for putting a new location on my visit list!

  2. The journey from Boppard along the Mosel river down to Trier is one of the most beautiful you will encounter.

  3. Well that’s a new one on me too Richard. Good value on the bus from the airport and lots to see when you’re there by the looks of things. An ideal weekend break indeed 🙂

  4. I remember reading about Trier when I was doing my wine course – would love to go and do some tasting round the Moselle Valley and looks like a good spot for a few days too. Didn’t realise it was so close to Luxembourg, my husband has family who’ve moved there so a trip’s on the cards for 2015.

  5. Luxembourg’s a big temptation, but I’d quite like a look at Frankfurt too 🙂
    Happy holidays!

  6. *Ping* That was the noise of this place just landing on my list! One of my friends visited here over Christmas and her descriptions made it sound so lovely. And now I see these photos….yup, I have go! Thanks!!

  7. I liked your post on Trier. I’ve been there a few times and really enjoyed the city and the Moselle River region. I noticed you didn’t mention Constantine’s basilica, but it is also in walking distance of the Dom and the Coliseum.

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